センター本試験 1995年度 第6問 単語

/ 4月 21, 2018/ 単語★★★ ~センターレベル~, 難易度★★★, 単語, センター試験/ 0 comments

 

センター単語は基本的なものだと言われますが、それほど簡単ではありません。単語の意味を想像しながら読むのは大切ですが、一文の中にいくつも知らない単語があっては想像も何もあったものではありません。わからない単語は長文1つあたり5個程度までにしないと、高得点は望めないでしょう。

この記事は1995年のセンター本試験の第6問(最後の長文読解)の単語をまとめました。単語を丸暗記するのではなく、文中で実際にどのように使われているかに注意しましょう。

 

【問題】 下線部の単語について、文中での意味を答えなさい。

   My son and I were trying to sell the house we had (1)restored but in the (2)barn (3)attached to it there were (4)bats and they wouldn’t leave. The barn was their home. They told us so in their own way. They (5)hung there in the barn and seemed (6)determined to stay for the season.
   If we knocked lightly on the outside, (7)muttering sounds would (8)follow, as if the bats were angry. They seemed to be asking us to stop (9)bothering them and not to (10)replace that (11)pane in the window through which they (12)flew in and out.
   “Don’t worry about it, Dad,” Patrick said. “They keep down the (13)mosquitoes.”
   (14)Unfortunately they also kept the (15)buyers away. When we had asked a person to sell the house for us he had (16)refused to show it because of the bats. In truth, I (17)sympathized. Who would want to share space with the (18)cousins of Dracula?
   “Bats are popular,” Patrick (19)assured me. “They’re (20)ecological.”
   “Isn’t there a machine you can buy that produces (21)high-frequency sounds to keep bats away?”
   “I don’t know,” said Patrick. “But I like bats, and whoever buys this house will (22)probably like them too.”
   “Probably?” I hated that word. “How many bats are there, anyway?”
   “I counted about 90 last night,” said Patrick. “They were dropping out from under the (23)edge of the roof.”
   “You mean there are more - outside?”
   “They’re everywhere, Dad. But look at it this way. When the cold weather comes, they’ll (24)be off to Mexico. Maybe in the spring we can (25)seal (them) out. Don’t worry about it,” he said (26)for the hundredth time. “It’s not a problem.”
   The bat expert I called was even more (27)enthusiastic than Patrick. “I think you’ve got a large number there,” he said (28)in wonder. “I’ve been trying to (29)attract bats to our house for 25 years! A single bat eats up his weight in mosquitoes and (30)black flies three times every night. He flies in and out, eats, (31)digests, and goes out for more. You’re a very lucky man.”
   I (32)offered to (33)share my luck with him. He could (34)take (them) away.
   “Bats have a (35)remarkable homing (36)instinct,” he said. “They’d fly (37)straight back even if I (38)transported them 100 miles. Once they have (39)settled, you can’t stop them from coming back.” I was silent. As if to (40)reassure me, he continued, “You may have one of the few groups of bats left around here. They’re in (41)danger of dying out.” Once more he said, “You’re a lucky man.”
   I was not sure whether to (42)take pride in my good (43)fortune. If a possible buyer, noticing the barn floor dirty with bat (44)droppings, said, “Oh, I see you have (45)mice,” I would just smile and (46)nod my head. I might have said, “(47)Actually, those are from the bats. We’re lucky, you know. We’ve got a large group of bats. Right here. Thousands of them. More every year, and they keep coming back. They are (48)of great value. Each one eats about a thousand (49)insects a night. I’ll show you some. The babies are really cute.” I might have said all that, but who would be listening?
   Finally we managed to (50)rent the house to a young family, who were also interested in buying it.
   “(51)What about the bats?” I said to Patrick.
   “Oh, they love the bats,” he said. “No mosquitoes. No black flies. It’s one of the things that attracted them.”
   “Do you think they will really buy the house?”
   “Probably.”
   “Probably? Well, if they do, I suppose I’ll have to (52)admit that I was wrong.”
   “You mean you’re going to (53)eat your words?”
   “Yes, I am.”

1995年/センター本試験/第6問   

*画像ファイルで表示し、印刷するにはこちらをクリック!

 

単語は英語の基本です。ですが、単語帳で1800とか2000個の単語を丸暗記で詰め込んでも、意外と長文は読めないものです。

単語の丸暗記はすぐに忘れてしまいますし、単語の色々な意味の中から、文脈に沿った意味・訳をひっぱってこれないんですよね。単語帳の勉強と、長文の勉強は必ず平行して進めてください。

 

【解答】

  1. restore 〔動詞〕改装する、改修する
  2. barn 〔名詞〕納屋、小屋
  3. attach 〔動詞〕くっ付ける、(attachedで)〔形容詞〕付属している
  4. bat 〔名詞〕こうもり
  5. hung 〔動詞〕hang(ぶら下がる)の過去形、過去分詞形
  6. determine 〔動詞〕決定する、(determinedで)〔形容詞〕決意している
  7. mutter 〔動詞〕つぶやく、ぶつぶつ言う
  8. S follow (A)★ 〔動詞〕Sが(Aに)ついていく、Sが(Aの)後に続いて起きる
  9. bother 〔動詞〕邪魔をする
  10. replace★ 〔動詞〕取り替える
  11. pane▲ 〔名詞〕窓ガラス
  12. flew 〔動詞〕fly(飛ぶ)の過去形
  13. mosquito 〔名詞〕蚊
  14. unfortunately 〔副詞〕不幸なことに
  15. buyer 〔名詞〕買ってくれる人
  16. refuse 〔動詞〕拒否する
  17. sympathize★ 〔動詞〕同情する、自分もそう思う
  18. cousin 〔名詞〕いとこ
  19. assure 〔動詞〕断言する、請合う
  20. ecological 〔形容詞〕環境に優しい
  21. high-frequency 〔名詞〕高周波
  22. probably 〔副詞〕おそらく
  23. edge 〔名詞〕端
  24. be off 〔熟語〕いなくなる
  25. seal A out★ 〔熟語〕Aを締め出す
  26. for the hundredth time 〔熟語〕100回目に
  27. enthusiastic 〔形容詞〕情熱的である、大好きである
  28. in wonder 〔熟語〕驚いて
  29. attract 〔動詞〕ひきつける、呼び寄せる
  30. black fly 〔名詞〕ブヨ
  31. digest 〔動詞〕消化する
  32. offer 〔動詞〕申し出る
  33. share 〔動詞〕共有する
  34. take A away 〔熟語〕Aを追い払う、連れて行く
  35. remarkable 〔形容詞〕素晴らしい、驚くべき
  36. instinct 〔名詞〕本能
  37. straight 〔副詞〕まっすぐ
  38. transport 〔動詞〕輸送する
  39. settle 〔動詞〕定住する
  40. reassure 〔動詞〕安心させる、元気づける
  41. danger of dying out★ 〔熟語〕絶滅の危機
  42. take pride 〔熟語〕誇りを持つ、誇りに思う
  43. fortune 〔名詞〕幸運
  44. dropping 〔名詞〕落し物、糞
  45. mice 〔名詞〕<mouseねずみ
  46. nod 〔動詞〕うなずく
  47. actually 〔副詞〕実際は
  48. be of value 〔熟語〕価値がある
  49. insect 〔名詞〕昆虫
  50. rent 〔動詞〕(お金を取って)貸す
  51. What about~? 〔熟語〕~はどうなの?
  52. admit 〔動詞〕認める
  53. eat one’s words★ 〔熟語〕前言を撤回する

*★マークは変わった意味で使われているなど、注意すべき単語です。
*▲マークはセンターレベルとしては少し難しい単語です。
*各単語の品詞と意味は文中で使われているものです。

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*誤字やリンク抜けや質問などは、コメント欄かryujutanakake@yahoo.co.jpまでお気軽に。

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