東大過去問 2021年 第5問(総合)

/ 4月 20, 2021/ 第5問(総合), 東大過去問, 難易度★★/ 2 comments


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Have you ever been eating in a restaurant — just an ordinary café or dining room, 【ア(26)】 by the rush of waitresses, the buzz of conversation, and the smell of meat cooking on a grill — and when you take up the salt to sprinkle it over your eggs, you’re struck by the simple wonder of the shaker, filled by unseen hands, ready and awaiting your pleasure? For you, the shaker exists only for today. But in reality it’s there hour after hour, on the same table, refilled again and again. The evidence is visible in the threads beneath the cap, worn down by 【ア(27)】twisting — someone else’s labor, perhaps the girl with the pen and pad waiting patiently for you to choose an ice cream, the boy in an apron with dirty sneakers, perhaps someone you’ll never in your life see. This shaker is work, materially realized. And there you are, undoing it.
Or you might have wandered through a department store, looking at neat stacks of buttoned shirts. The size or color you prefer is at the bottom of the stack, and though you’re as gentle as can be lifting the shirts, extracting only the【ア(28)】one, the pile as you leave it is never quite as tidy, and it won’t be again until the invisible person returns to set things right.
Cash in an ATM machine. Hotel towels on the floor. The world is full of (A)this kind of work, always waiting to be done and then undone, so it can be done again.
This morning, I gathered up all the cans and bottles thrown about the apartment by my boyfriend and put them in a bag to carry down to the building’s rubbish area. He hasn’t slept here in a week, but I’d been staying late at the university library and only managed to lift myself out of bed in time to bathe and run to my secretary job in an office in downtown Kobe, where every day I perform my own round of boring tasks. I’m fairly good at it, though. I’m careful to put the labels on file folders so they are perfectly centered, perfectly straight, and I have a system of the colors of ink and sticky notes that keeps everything 【ア(29)】. I never run out of pens or paper clips. When anyone needs an aspirin or a piece of gum or a cough drop, I’m the one who has it in her desk drawer. Always. Like magic.
Today is Sunday and both the office and the university library are closed. My boyfriend texted he’d arrive at one o’clock, so I have all morning to straighten up the apartment and shop. Around eleven last night I finished my final paper of the year, and there won’t be another until classes begin again in a few weeks. It’s a comfortable feeling.
Besides the cans and bottles, there are the containers of takeout yakisoba, with dried spring onion stuck on them, from our dinner together last weekend. The oily paper bags that once held pastries I pick up half-price from the bakery in *Sannomiya before it closes. I eat these on weeknights, alone, in bed. Sometimes in the morning, I discover bits of pastries or spots of cream on my pillow. My boyfriend would be 【ア(30)】.
After throwing away the containers and bags into the overflowing rubbish box, I strip the bed sheets and leave them in a pile beside the bed. There are many other things to do, but the sky is threatening rain and I decide to do the shopping before it starts to pour.
To go out, I put on a salmon-pinnk raincoat and hat my boyfriend gave me on my birthday. He mentioned, modestly, that it came from a special shop in Tokyo. Not long after, I spotted the same set in an ordinary clothing store in *Umeda. (B)It’s possible the Tokyo salesgirl took advantage of him ; she probably convinces every customer what he purchased was one-of-a-kind. Then, after he left, she simply brought out another from the back.
I didn’t tell my boyfriend about the second coat, or that the shade of pink was exactly like the smocks worn by the small boys and girls in the daycare down the road. The first time I wore it, I found myself in a narrow alley with the daycare attendants and a long line of small children, moving like a grotesque pink worm. The attendants grinned at me as I pressed my back against the wall, trying to disappear, then hurried off the other way.
On a Sunday, though, the children should all be at home.
With my purse, shopping bag, and the collection of cans and bottles, I leave the apartment and lock the heavy metal door behind me. The apartment is on the top floor, so there are three flights of stairs before I reach the parking lot level. I rarely meet anyone going up or down. For several years, this building has been 【ア(31)】by foreigners: English teachers from the neighborhood conversation schools, Korean preachers, now and then a performer from an amusement park. None of them stay very long. My apartment was the home of the former secretary in my office, and when she left to get married she offered her lease to me. That was five years ago. I am now the building’s most 【イ】tenant.
The rubbish area is in a sorry state. Despite the clearly marked containers for different types of glass and plastic, and the posted calendar of pick-up days, the other tenants leave their waste where and whenever they choose. I place my cans and bottles in the proper boxes, and with my foot attempt to move the other bundles toward their respective areas. Some of the tenants combine unlike items into a single bag, so even this small effort on my part doesn’t clear up the mess. I feel sorry for the garbage collectors, the people (C)    one by one.

*注 Sannomiya(三宮)→ 神戸を代表する繁華街、Umeda(梅田)→ 大阪の二大繁華街の一つ


(A) 下線部(A)の内容を説明せよ。

(B) 下線部(B)の内容を具体的に説明せよ。

(C) 下に与えられた語を正しい順に並び替え、下線部(C)を埋めるのに最も適切な表現を完成させよ。
is it pieces sort task the to whose

(D) 以下の問いに解答し、その答えとなる記号をマークシートにマークせよ。

a) chosen
b) encouraged
c) horrified
d) occupied
e) organized
f) realized
g) repeated
h) surrounded

a) boring
b) difficult
c) egocentric
d) faithful
e) popular

a) The author does not like her boyfriend who has no taste in clothes.
b) The author focuses on the necessary labor which is done unnoticed.
c) The author has a good friend in her office who always helps her like a magician.
d) The author has an ambition to reform the local community and public welfare.
e) The author is fed up with her domestic household routine and her job as a secretary.


  • rush → 人が急いで動くこと、あわただしさ
  • buzz → ざわめく声
  • shaker → 塩や砂糖の振り出し容器
  • thread → 糸、ここでは容器のキャップの溝のこと
  • materially → 大いに、物質的に
  • wander → 歩き回る
  • neat → よく整理された
  • stack → 積み重ね、大量の〜
  • extract → 抜き出す
  • tidy → きちんとした、整然とした
  • undo → もとの状態に戻す(⇄undo)
  • throw about = throw around → 撒き散らす
  • rubbish area → ゴミ置き場
  • round of A → 一連のA
  • fairly → まあまあ、けっこう
  • organised → 整理された
  • sticky note → 付箋
  • run out of A → Aをきらす、使い果たす
  • aspirin → 解熱・鎮痛剤
  • cough drop → 咳止めの飴
  • drawer → 引き出し
  • straighten up → 整理する、片付ける
  • container → 容器
  • stuck<stick → くっ付く
  • pastry → (パイやタルトなどの)ペーストリー菓子
  • bakery → パン屋
  • overflow → あふれて一杯になる
  • pile → 積み重ねたもの、山
  • rubbish box → ゴミ箱
  • threatening → (天気が)荒れそうな
  • modestly → 謙虚に、控えめに
  • spot → 見つける、察知する
  • not long after A → Aからしばらくして
  • take advantage of A → Aをだます、Aを利用する
  • one of a kind → 唯一のもの、一点もの
  • convince A (that)~ → Aに〜だということを納得させる
  • shade → 色合い
  • daycare(center) → (米)託児所、保育所 (英)高齢者を日中預かる介護所
  • alley → 狭い通り、路地
  • attendant → 係員、接客係、ここでは保育所の保育士を指す
  • grin → (歯を見せて)笑う、にやりとする
  • collection → 集まり、集まったもの、集めたもの
  • (close) a door behind → 自分が出た後にドアを閉める
  • flight → (向きの変わらないひと続きの)階段
  • preacher → (教会で)説教をする人
  • now and then → ときどき
  • amusement park → 遊園地
  • former → 以前の、かつての
  • lease → 賃貸する
  • faithful → 忠実な、信頼できる、ここでは長期に家を借りているという意味。
  • tenant → 賃借人
  • bundle → 束、包み
  • on A’s part → Aの側の




(A) レストランのテーブルソルトを補充したり、デパートのシャツを整然と並べたり、ATMの現金を管理したり、ホテルの部屋のタオルを交換するといった、ある状態を維持するために、人知れず繰り返されている仕事。

(B) 筆者のボーイフレンドが東京の洋服店で私への誕生日プレゼントを買った時、それがありふれたレインコートと帽子であるにもかかわらず、一点ものの特別な品であるかのように女性店員が偽りの説明をした可能性があるということ。

(C) whose task it is to sort the pieces


(26) h
(27) g
(28) a
(29) e
(30) c
(31) d
(32) d
(33) b



【A】 レストランのテーブルソルトを補充したり、デパートのシャツを整然と並べたり、ATMの現金を管理したり、ホテルの部屋のタオルを交換するといった、ある状態を維持するために、人知れず繰り返されている仕事。

【B】 筆者のボーイフレンドが東京の洋服店で私への誕生日プレゼントを買った時、それがありふれたレインコートと帽子であるにもかかわらず、一点ものの特別な品であるかのように女性店員が偽りの説明をした可能性があるということ。

【C】 is it pieces sort task the to whose

*【D】のアについて → 選択肢に並んでいるのが全て過去分詞(過去形)なので、文法的には区別が付きにくい。また選択肢の単語自体は簡単で意味が分からない生徒はいないはずである。つまり空欄の含まれる文の意味が分かっているかを問う問題である。

【D ア(26)】 h) surrounded

【D ア(27)】 g) repeated

【D ア(28)】 a) chosen

【D ア(29)】 e) organized

こちらも文脈を理解することが正解を導く近道になる。『私』は秘書の仕事をしている。それは退屈な仕事であるが、私はそれを上手くこなしている。その具体例が述べられる部分である。『必要なものが整理されて、すぐに使用できる状態にしておく』という仕事なのであるから、e) organisedが正解となる。

【D ア(30)】 c) horrified

【D ア(31)】 d) occupied

【D イ(32)】 d) faithful

【D ウ(33)】 b) The author focuses on the necessary labor which is done unnoticed.

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  1. Besides the cans and bottles, there are the containers of takeout yakisobaの訳は、「…の隣に」ではなくて、「…の他に」ではないでしょうか?もしくは、英文が「Besides」ではなくて「Beside」ではないでしょうか?

  2. and though you’re as gentle as can be lifting the shirts. は、you’re as gentle as (you) can be (when you are) lifting the shirts. (そのシャツを運ぶ際に、あなたはこの上もなく丁寧である。)と解釈すれば宜しいのでしょうか?

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