センター追試験 1996年度 第6問 単語

/ 4月 29, 2018/ 単語★★★ ~センターレベル~, 難易度★★★, 単語, センター試験/ 0 comments

 

センター単語は基本的なものだと言われますが、それほど簡単ではありません。単語の意味を想像しながら読むのは大切ですが、一文の中にいくつも知らない単語があっては想像も何もあったものではありません。わからない単語は長文1つあたり5個程度までにしないと、高得点は望めないでしょう。

この記事は1995年のセンター本試験の第6問(最後の長文読解)の単語をまとめました。単語を丸暗記するのではなく、文中で実際にどのように使われているかに注意しましょう。

 

【問題】 下線部の単語について、文中での意味を答えなさい。

Sarah Watson was a well-known doctor who often travelled about to (1)treat patients. One day she was leaving London to see a very sick person in Denton in the north of England. At the station she took her seat in an empty part of the train for Denton, and told the (2)conductor she would be glad to be alone if she could.
The train was already in motion when a young lady came running down the platform with a (3)porter carrying her luggage. The man just (4)managed to open the (5)carriage door, push the young lady in and throw her things in after her. Then the train was off. The young lady took the seat (6)opposite Dr Watson.
(7)After a while, Dr Watson asked (8)politely, “Are you travelling far?”
“Oh yes,” said the young lady, “I am going to Denton.”
“How strange!” said Dr Watson. “That’s where I’m going myself.”
There was (9)a moment’s pause, and then the young lady very (10)modestly said, “I’m going to be married there tomorrow.”
They went on talking and became (11)quite friendly. The train arrived at Rugby and they both got out (12)for a snack. They were in the carriage again, and the train was already moving, when the young lady called out excitedly, “Stop the train! Don’t you see, he’s (13)urging me to get out! There, that young man in the brown coat with the (14)beard, that’s the man I’m going to marry.” Of course it was impossible to get out, and the young lady grew very (15)upset. Dr Watson (16)assured her there was no one standing there, but she would not believe her. Thinking the young lady must (17)be unwell, Dr Watson (18)persuaded her to (19)take some medicine.
The train arrived at Stafford and (20)exactly the same thing (21)occurred. And again Dr Watson assured her there was no one there, and said, “I think you (22)had better let me give you some more medicine.” After this Dr Watson felt she could not (23)go on giving the young lady medicine at every station all the way to Denton. So she decided that if the same thing happened at Crewe, it (24)indicated either that the young woman really had had a vision of the future, or that she was not in a (25)state of health to be married the next day. Dr Watson (26)determined to act (27)accordingly.
At Crewe the same thing did happen again. “Don’t you see him? He’s urging me more than ever to get out,” cried the young lady.
“Very well,” said Dr Watson, “we will get out and go after him,” and together they (28)pursued the (29)imaginary (30)figure and of course did not find him. Dr Watson had decided to do something, so she took the young lady to the station hotel. (31)Handing over enough money for the (32)expenses, she left her in their care until the next day, when she would be returning that way after seeing her patient.
Dr Watson (33)settled in her seat again just as the train (34)departed. She was feeling sorry for the young lady, who now could not be married the next day, when suddenly the train (35)was involved in a (36)dreadful accident. Dr Watson was (37)fortunately (38)unhurt, but part of the carriage, (39)including the seat opposite her, was (40)totally destroyed. (41)It was a long time before the (42)railway line was cleared, and Dr Watson arrived at Denton, many hours late, by another train. There, waiting upon the platform, stood the young man with the beard and the brown coat exactly as he had been described. He had heard that there had been a (43)terrible (44)crash and was (45)prepared for his worst (46)fears to be (47)realized. Dr Watson (48)confirmed that an accident had occurred, but was able to (49)reassure him that his young lady was safe in the station hotel at Crewe.

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単語は英語の基本です。ですが、単語帳で1800とか2000個の単語を丸暗記で詰め込んでも、意外と長文は読めないものです。

単語の丸暗記はすぐに忘れてしまいますし、単語の色々な意味の中から、文脈に沿った意味・訳をひっぱってこれないんですよね。単語帳の勉強と、長文の勉強は必ず平行して進めてください。

 

【解答】

  1. treat★ 〔動詞〕治療する(*多義語注意)
  2. conductor 〔名詞〕車掌
  3. porter 〔名詞〕荷物運搬係、ポーター
  4. manage to~ 〔熟語〕何とか~する
  5. carriage 〔名詞〕車両
  6. opposite~ 〔前置詞〕~の向かいに
  7. after a while 〔熟語〕しばらくして
  8. politely 〔副詞〕礼儀正しく
  9. a moment’s pause 〔熟語〕一瞬の間、一瞬のためらい
  10. modestly 〔副詞〕控えめに
  11. quite 〔副詞〕かなり(*どの程度なのかは文脈次第、あるいは曖昧)
  12. for a snack 〔熟語〕軽食を求めて(いわゆるスナック菓子だけでなく、サンドウィッチのようなものも含む)
  13. urge 〔動詞〕強く主張する
  14. beard 〔名詞〕あごひげ
  15. upset 〔形容詞〕取り乱した(*動詞の過去分詞としてとらえてもよい)
  16. assure 〔動詞〕保証する
  17. be unwell 〔熟語〕(健康状態が)良くない
  18. persuade 〔動詞〕説得する
  19. take medicine 〔熟語〕薬を飲む
  20. exactly 〔副詞〕正確に、まったく
  21. occur 〔動詞〕起きる
  22. had better~ 〔熟語・助動詞〕~した方がよい
  23. go on ~ing 〔熟語〕~し続ける
  24. indicate 〔動詞〕~ということを意味する
  25. state 〔名詞〕状態(*多義語注意)
  26. determine 〔動詞〕決心する
  27. accordingly★▲ 〔副詞〕それにしたがって、しかるべく、適切に
  28. pursue 〔動詞〕追跡する、後を追う
  29. imaginary 〔形容詞〕空想上の
  30. figure★ 〔名詞〕人影(*多義語注意)
  31. hand over 〔熟語〕手渡す
  32. expense 〔名詞〕費用
  33. settle 〔動詞〕落ち着く、座る
  34. depart 〔動詞〕出発する
  35. be involved in 〔熟語〕巻き込まれる
  36. dreadful 〔形容詞〕酷い、恐ろしい
  37. fortunately 〔副詞〕幸運にも
  38. unhurt 〔形容詞〕無傷で
  39. including~ 〔前置詞〕~を含めて
  40. totally 〔副詞〕完全に
  41. it is a long time before~★ 〔熟語〕~するのに長い時間がかかる
  42. railway line 〔熟語〕鉄道
  43. terrible 〔形容詞〕恐ろしい、酷い
  44. crash 〔名詞〕衝突
  45. prepare 〔動詞〕(心の)準備をする
  46. fear 〔名詞〕恐れ
  47. realize 〔動詞〕実際に起こる、実現する
  48. confirm★ 〔動詞〕(証拠によって噂を)正しいと認める
  49. reassure 〔動詞〕安心させる(*assureとの違いに注意)

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*誤字やリンク抜けや質問などは、コメント欄かryujutanakake@yahoo.co.jpまでお気軽に。

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